Frempong, the Kyekyewere assemblyman, told Mongabay that the community had existed in the forest for more than 200 years, and that its residents had no other place to go. A century ago, Ghana's tropical hardwood forest extended from about the middle of the country southward to the sea. 12 Ultimately, deforestation in Ghana is due to demographic and economic pressures, policy and institutional lapses, increased infrastructural developments and technological advances. 2701 Words11 Pages. At the Bediakokrom community just east of Bia Tano, dozens of sawmills can be seen just outside the reserve. See Pictures. “This is the challenge confronting us here,” said the guard, who asked not to be named. In the transition zone of Ghana, bush fires annually cause havoc on forest resources Secondly, Ghana’s economy relies heavily on climate sensitive sectors mainly on Ghana has an "estimated" population of 29.4 million … However, Satelligence’s report differs in one significant aspect from WRI’s: it says cocoa is not the main driver of deforestation in Ghana, instead laying blame on logging, mining, fire, and industrial agricultural expansion for other kinds of crops. Ghana has a total land area of about 238,53 squared kilometers (about 11,000sq.km covered by water) with about 539km of coastline. WRI found that while mining and logging were partly to blame for Ghana’s deforestation, the expansion of cocoa farms was the main culprit. Between January and November 1994, exports amounted to 919,000 tons and earned US$212 million. However, efforts to protect forests are often stymied. Ghana is no exception to the continuous environmental degradation as a result of deforestation fuelled by her rapid “That is why we are going to resist the mining operation in the forest — to protect our rivers.”. He also mentioned a recent arrest made when Forestry Commission officials discovered loggers were transporting illegal wood from a reserve by hiding it in coffins. Ghana, a developing country, is facing so many environmental challenges despite the policies put in place by the various institutions to help curb this problem. Image by Delphine Bruyere via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0). Deforestation in Ghana In Ghana, the reason behind the cutting down of trees is usually for charcoal, pasture for livestock, farms, urban or industrial purposes. on the eve of Ghana's independence and charged with the "dissemination of truthful unbiased news". Log production declined by 66 percent during 1970- 81 and sawed timber by 47 percent. Disclaimer: Mongabay has a funding partnership with World Resources Institute (WRI), which administers Global Forest Watch. This essay seeks to elaborate briefly on some of the main environmental challenges … 2.1.1 Deforestation in GhanaNumerous legitimate concerns have been raised about the devastating environmental impact of extensive destruction of forests. The Ghana news Agency (GNA) was established on March 5, 1957, i.e. To help tackle deforestation issues in Ghana, we, Senyo Kofi Agbleze and Freda Yamorti Gbande, put together an initiative known as the Green Cast Project.With our role as TFF Ambassadors, we want to help create awareness about deforestation as an issue leading to potential food insecurity in rural communities. The report indicated that Africa has the second highest rate of deforestation worldwide (with 3.4 million hectares of forest loss annually).The situation is not any different in Ghana where forest has been under pressure from human activities over the last century. Deforestation can lead to many environmental problems, aside from the obvious loss of trees. Acidic Oceans. Dennis Acquah, project coordinator for FoE-Ghana, said the program has helped build capacity in communities living within forests to detect and report illegal activities as they’re happening by using a mobile phone app. These reserves are under official protection. Ghana could earn tens of millions of dollars for reducing its deforestation rate under a carbon-trading initiative proposed by a coalition of developing countries and under discussion this week at U.N. climate talks in Nairobi, Kenya. When land is deforested, plant and animal diversity can be lost. Illegal timber harvesting isn’t the only activity driving deforestation in Tano-Offin. Furthermore, infrastructure in the Western Region where lumber processing is located continued to be relatively neglected compared with mining and cocoa production regions. The cheap air-dried processing method was not satisfactory because air-dried wood tends to destabilize over time. Since 1983 forestry has benefited from more than US$120 million in investments and has undergone substantial changes, resulting in doubled earnings between 1985 and 1990. However, even these are no longer immune to the advance of deforestation, with many hit hard by a surge of forest loss that began in April. “Because of the low number of the officials of the Forestry Commission, we still have high incidence of chainsawing both outside and inside the forest reserves,” he said. Half a dozen communities are situated deep inside the reserve, of which Kyekyewere is the largest. Bush fires, set to clear land and aided by the dry harmattan season from November to March, have consumed large swaths of forest. An analysis of satellite data published earlier this year by U.S.-based World Resource Institute (WRI), found Ghana experienced the biggest relative increase in primary forest loss of all tropical countries last year. [1] The forestry sector was given a large boost in 1986, with a US$24 million timber rehabilitation credit, which financed imports of logging equipment. He said this success could be scaled up and urged the involvement of all forest communities. He told Mongabay that deforestation is already affecting water resources. [1], Instead, the government hoped to increase sales of wood products to replace earnings from logs. Again, the development of a National Climate Change Adaptation Stragegy has been agreed on as a trigger under the Natural Resources and Environmental Governance Programme in Ghana. He also blamed deforestation on forest-dependent communities, saying “their continuous expansion is destructive to the reserves in which they live.”. Improvements in the processing sector caused wood products (excluding lumber) to rise to about 20 percent of export earnings in 1991, accounting for 6.9 percent of volume exports. Introduct For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. Upon hearing that the loggers had official permission, the guard allowed them to proceed. KUMASI, Ghana — The West African country of Ghana is known for having rich natural resources including vast tracts of rainforest. Acquah said the project had yielded positive results, including driving many illegal loggers from reserves and the confiscation of illegal timber. Moreover, nearly half the country was covered with forests, which included 680 species of trees and several varieties of mahoganies. The government later extended the list and imposed high duties on other species, planning to phase out log and air-dried timber exports altogether by 1994. To end deforestation, Barry Callebaut maps cocoa farms in its direct supply chain within 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) of protected forest areas in the Ivory Coast, Ghana and Cameroon. Deforestation in Ghana: Government's incentives and policies Ghana has one of the highest deforestation rates in Africa and the world, at 2% per annum. This situation has forced the government to make difficult choices between desperately needed hard currency earnings and conservation. The Forest Resource Management Project, part of the economic recovery program (ERP), was initiated in 1988, and in 1989 the government banned log exports of eighteen species. Cause Of Deforestation In Ghana. At this rate of logging, Ghana’s forests would disappear in the next ten years and Ghana would become a net importer of wood (Forest Watch Ghana 2004). He referred to one incident in which the Forestry Commission stopped buses loaded with illegal timber from a forest reserve and arrested the perpetrators. Some of the external financing underwrote these institutional changes, while much of the rest financed forestry management and research as well as equipment for logging, saw milling, and manufacturing. In 1993 timber and wood products earnings totaled US$140 million against a targeted level of US$130 million. Some of these challenges are lack of proper waste management, deforestation, pollution, land or soil degradation, desertification and resource depletion among others. Illegal logging in Ghana’s forest reserves was confirmed by Musah Abu-Juam, technical director in charge of forestry at Ghana’s Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, who said the practice was ongoing both inside and outside protected areas. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy. By comparison, wood products represented 11 percent of earnings and 5.5 percent of volume in 1985. Bia Tano Forest Reserve is located about 30 kilometers (19 miles) northwest of Tano-Offin. These were handed over to officials from the Forestry Commission, which has established a task force to prevent illegal logging. The biggest impact has been in Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana where cocoa production is estimated to have been responsible for about one quarter of historical deforestation in Cote d’Ivoire and nearly 15 per cent in the high-forest zone of Ghana. 11 But it has also resulted in deforestation elsewhere, including in Cameroon, Indonesia and Peru. Other difficulties include lack of expertise at technological and managerial levels. For example in the most widely used information by NGOs, only 6% of deforestation in cloudy areas like Ghana is detected on a real-time basis, if we add radar that can see through clouds that is hampering observation we can vastly improve the timeliness of the detection, and in terms of biggest risk areas we have only started to look at the problem ​,” he says. A publication by data analytics company Satelligence, however, affirmed WRI’s findings that Ghana deforestation did indeed experience a 60 percent jump. Deforestation in Ghana is a research-based analytical study that explains the disconnect between the declared deforestation policy intentions and their outcomes in Ghana. The buyer showed up with a truck to haul off the logs. Forestry, deforestation and biodiversity in Ghana This study seeks to examine the causes and consequences of forest loss and therefore biodiversity loss in Ghana. Compounding the problem of soil loss is the relatively poor soil in which most rain forests grow. With a population of more than 1,000, Kyekyewere has some trappings of a modern town, including a school that provides education from the kindergarten level to junior high. Every day, Mongabay reporters bring you news from nature’s frontline. Mongabay maintains complete editorial independence over the stories reported using this data. Between 1990 and 2000, Ghana lost an average of 135,000 hectares of forest per year; amounting to an average annual deforestation rate of … But its primary forest has all but vanished, with what remains generally relegated to reserves scattered throughout the country’s southern third. Anane Frempong, the political head, or “assemblyman,” in Ghanaian parlance, of the Kyekyewere electoral area that comprises Tano-Offin, told Mongabay that his outfit seized some 6,000 pieces of timber last year that were harvested illegally in the reserve. The multi-stakeholder Cocoa & Forests Initiative is an attempt at addressing the problems. Friends of the Earth (FoE) Ghana, an NGO, has initiated a program called “community-based real-time monitoring” to try and clamp down on the country’s rampant illegal logging. problem of deforestation in Ghana-the reason for the new legislation-and after an overview the Act, the article examines key issues arising out of the new legislation. The oceans are becoming more acidic with an increased supply of carbon dioxide from deforestation and burning fossil fuels. By the early 1990s, there were approximately 220 lumber processors in Ghana, but the industry operated under several constraints. “Public officials are deeply involved in the illegal activities.”. [1], Until the 1980s, forestry production suffered because of the overvalued cedi and deterioration of the transportation infrastructure. 1 Deforestation: Causes, Effects and Control Strategies Sumit Chakravarty 1, S. K. Ghosh 2, C. P. Suresh 2, A. N. Dey 1 and Gopal Shukla 3 1Department of Forestry 2Pomology & Post Harvest Technology, Faculty of Horticulture Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari 3ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Research Center, Plandu Ranchi India 1. 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To end deforestation, Barry Callebaut maps cocoa farms in its direct supply chain within 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) of protected forest areas in the Ivory Coast, Ghana … Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forestry_in_Ghana&oldid=968628671, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from November 2010, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from July 2013, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from July 2013, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles needing additional references from July 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 July 2020, at 15:00. 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